“Vit D has a causative role in Autism”
Back in 2008 and again in 2013, a GP and psychologist published a paper in Medical Hypothesis. Autism, will vitamin D treat core symptoms?. It was one of the most downloaded papers. What made it so interesting? Basically it centred around how sun exposure and Vit D food intake has gone down in the last 30 years, so Autism has gone up.
Dr Cannell recognises that other things have also changed in last 30 years but queries why this correlation has not been investigated more, when you fully appreciate the role of Vit D in the body.
Is it reasonable to say there is no Autism epidemic – we are just better diagnosing? But Autism is not a subtle condition! Was everyone therefore missing it in the 60s and 70s?? Paediatricisns, teachers, parents? That is not a reasonable deduction.
Is it reasonable to say that Autism is genetic? So how does a genetic illness increase 20-fold in 20 years? When those with Autism are unlikely to mate and marry and unlikely to pass genes on. Genes does not answer the question either.
So Dr Cannell looked at epidemiology. If child lives in the country, they are half as likely to get autism than those who live in cities. These are similar stats to Ricketts. Autism rates are also higher in cloudy areas than in sunny areas.
Also consider Williams Syndrome which can give children social traits that are the opposite to those with Autism e.g. incredibly outgoing, fluent, make eye contact etc. Williams Syndrome is characterised by very high Vit D levels in infancy. So the question is, if the child get’s a lot of Vit D in infancy, then does this mean they are less likely to be non autistic children?
Also consider that testosterone reduces the amount of Vit D metabolised but oestrogen increases the amount of Vit D metabolised, which explains the higher ratio of boys to girls with autism.
The research on Vitamin D and Autism
3 open label trials with results published over 2015 and 2016 found that Vit D levels are inversely related to severity of Autism. They used 300IU D3 per kg/per day (this is a big dose) or 5000IU per day, whichever came first. 80% of children who took Vit D had improved symptoms and 50% lost symptoms (via Autism Rating Scale). Note that the children only got up to 100nmol/L of Vit D in their blood so even at high dosing it never became toxic.
Then a RCT trial with same dosing in 2016 showed the same thing i.e. good things happen with Vit D supplementation. Randomized controlled trial of vitamin D supplementation in children with autism spectrum disorder
12 of 15 studies show that Autistic children have low Vit D levels compared to control children so we need to look into Vit D deficiency being a contributing and causative factor for Autism.
So what makes Vit D so important?
- Vit D needed for brain development in many ways. It repairs proteins in the body which essentially means it also has an influence over what genes do as well.
- Needed for DNA stability. DNA is inherently unstable with oxidative stress and toxic damage, therefore Vit D can have a protective role.
- There are 100s of articles about the anti inflammatory effect of Vit D. Vit D upregulates anti inflammatory proteins and down regulates the inflammatory proteins. Autism is being regarded as a condition characterised by a Brain on Fire (inflamed brain).
- Autism appears to be an auto immune disorder- with antibodies attaching their brain. Vit D upregulates many proteins in the immune system to protect against auto immune diseases. Children with Vit D supplementation had reduced auto immune markers.
- Vit D increases the seizure threshold and acts as an anti epileptic medication with 40% reduction in seizures. Since 25% of children with autism have seizures this is important.
- It can also reduce inflammation in the gut. Gluten free diets are still being debated over their effectiveness (even though it was only ONE study that said it would have no effect) but it helps most families, so worth doing. Since Vit D is known to help with IBS and GERD according to a recent RCT (40% with IBS were helped significantly) then it’s very reasonable to assume it is going to help with food intolerances in general. [Stumpf WE (2008) Vitamin D and the digestive system. Eur J. Drug Metab. Pharmacokin. 33 (No. 2): 85-100.]
Why supplement with Vitamin D.
The gist of it is that research is showing that 2/3 of children who take Vit D at 5000IU will respond, and within that group, 1/3 will get full remission and 1/3 will see no changes and 1/3 will have good improvements.
What are the signs of change?
- Temper outbursts improved the first
- Then mums that their child no longer seems to be suffering as much.
- Then the stereotypical behaviours e.g. stimming would improve.
- Last would be speech which would take a number of months.
Read a BOOK. Autism causes- prevent and treatment. Vit D deficiency and explosive rise of ASD. By Dr John Connell.
Read up on the CASE STUDIES available from the Vitamin D council Case Studies